La reparación de hernia inguinal es una de las intervenciones quirúrgicas que se realizan más a menudo, los avances en la anestesia perioperatoria y la técnica quirúrgica han hecho de ésta un procedimiento ambulatorio, con tasas bajas de recurrencia y morbilidad. Dado este éxito, la calidad de vida y la evitación del dolor crónico se
The bloodstream delivers oxygen to cells and removes carbon dioxide waste through a process called internal respiration. In the lungs, oxygen is absorbed into the erythrocytes in the blood stream. These cells, commonly called red blood cells, contain gas-transporting molecules called hemoglobin. Oxygen binds to these molecules. The oxygenated blood then moves through the vasculature.
A fractured bone bleeds. Bone repair begins, as over a period of hours blood at the fracture site clots and forms a hematoma. The healing begins as osteoclasts in the area remove dead bone tissue, while fibroblasts penetrate the area and build a fibrocartilaginous callus that bridges the broken bone. Over many weeks osteoblasts transform
Phonation is the production of sound by structures in the upper respiratory tract. During exhalation, air passes from the lungs through the larynx. Muscles in the larynx can act to move the arytenoid cartilages that then move the cords. The cords are pushed together and air passes between them in such a way as to